What is the Most Common Fish in the Atlantic Ocean?

Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) is a herring from the Clupeidae family, one of the most abundant fish species in the world. This species can be found on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and has historically been an important part of the economies of Europe and North America. The Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus) is another common fish in the Atlantic Ocean, measuring about 12 inches and weighing a few pounds. This species prefers to stay close to the seabed and feeds on worms, crustaceans, mollusks, and squid. The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a cold-water fish found on both sides of the North Atlantic.

It is often simply referred to as cod and is prized for its edible meat, liver oil, and other by-products. This species has three dorsal fins, two anal fins, and a chin barbel. Its color can range from greenish or greyish to brown or blackish, or dull to bright red. It is a solitary fish that feeds during the day on other fish and small crustaceans such as crabs and small lobsters. The silver trout (Cynoscion regalis) is similar to sand trout but smaller, averaging 10 to 13 inches in length.

It is a great bait fish for larger game fish such as king mackerel and barracuda. This species inhabits coastal seagrass beds and near coastal reefs, feeding on a variety of foods from algae to crustaceans which it crushes with its incisor teeth. La Mola (Mola mola), also known as ocean sunfish or headfish, is one of six species of ocean fish belonging to the Molidae family. Sand sea trout (Cynoscion arenarius) is a silver-colored fish with no markings that can be found in shallower bays and estuaries with oyster farms and seagrass beds. A popular technique for catching snook (Centropomus undecimalis) is to fish on docks at night that have bass lights that shine in the water.

This species has dark bands that make it look like a sheep's head, which is where it gets its name. The only member of the Pomatomidae family, popularly known as tailor or snapper (Pomatomus saltatrix), is a fast-moving game and marine food fish. The Mediterranean red mullet (Mullus barbatus) was one of the most appreciated fish of the ancient Romans for eating. Grouper and snapper love this species, so use them as bait, cut into pieces, or grind them for an attractive mix of friends. Halieutaea stellata is a batfish belonging to the Ogcocephalidae family that can be found on continental shelves in the waters of the Indo-Pacific at depths of 50 to 400 meters. The scaly sardine (Sardinella longiceps), sometimes called white bait, is a common bait fish found in southern tropical waters.

This species migrates seasonally, spending winters in South Florida waters and summers in Panhandle or Carolina waters on the east coast. They usually feed on herring, jota, mackerel, crossbow fish, dolphin, flying fish, squid, and crabs. If you see a line of sargassum brush and flying fish flying out of the water, you'll know that dolphin fish are under the undergrowth.

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